Intra-Uterine Device (IUD) Side Effects
When it comes to using contraceptives, a woman is faced with a multitude of choices from pills, injectables, doing the calendar method, and using intra-uterine devices for Birth Control. There are others who may subject themselves to ligation which requires surgical intervention. Amongst these, IUDs or intra-uterine device is the most effective contraceptive. It is proven safe and has manageable side-effects on female reproductive system.
An IUD inserted into the uterus to curb fertilization of sperm and egg during coitus. IUDs come in two types: copper and progesterone. For women with heavy bleeding issues, IUD insertion can be a cure for the problem. (Note that IUD is not a protection against STDs. A condom is better suited in the matter.) The effectivity of an IUD is about 99.2-99.9% for birth control, and is advisable to be removed or changed after a period of five years. Regular checking of the device through location of the coil or thread is important to note whether the IUD is in place.
When planning to have an IUD inserted, it is important you talk to a physician or OB-GYNE to know what to expect once using the product. There are certain conditions wherein insertion of IUD can contradict an infection. Having a Pap smear is mandatory to assess the condition of the genital organ. Once the basic guidelines are met, the IUD fitting takes place in a clinic keeping the patient in a lithotomy position. The insertion happens on the 5th or 7th day of menstruation. This is because of the open cervix which facilitates easy navigation of the device. A sterile speculum is used to view the cervix. The IUD is then fitted into the uterus and strings are cut in about 3 to 4 centimeters to serve as a guide. After insertion, the patient is kept under observation for at least 15 minutes to note of pain or uneasiness.
Following insertion, the patient may feel IUD side-effects like spotting in between periods. Other side-effects include heavy bleeding albeit in the first few months; breast tenderness; acne; headache; nausea and vomiting. However, these are quite manageable. If the IUD expels during menstruation or she feels it is displaced, it is advisable to call upon the doctor for reinsertion. On rare occasions can the woman get pregnant while still on IUD. At times, there is uteral perforation, but the risk is very low.
Copper IUD is the most common of any kind used by women as of today. Paragard IUD is another. It is a T-shaped contraceptive containing copper. There are tiny threads on the device that facilitate easy removal. It is an effective birth control device because of its 90% effectivity. It can safely last for 10 years in the body but the cost is pretty steep ranging from $400 to $500. Paragard does not affect ovulation. The copper acts as a spermicide killing the sperms hence preventing fertilization. Studies show that it stimulates the prostaglandin thus inhibiting the production of hormones needed in pregnancy.
Paragard IUD side effects
Heavy bleeding is a possible Paragard IUD side effect. A woman may even experience spotting in between periods. Perforation of the uterus is a rare case. In younger women, expulsion of the IUD is commonplace. Backache, vaginal discharge and even infertility may occur. Chances of ectopic pregnancy, also, may arise. The IUD, however, is a reversible birth control making pregnancy likely after removal.
Copper IUD side effects
The copper IUD is an ordinary, cost effective, contraceptive that has the same effectivity and reliability as the rest. Side effects include abdominal cramping and pain in the lower back area. The spotting in between cycles, too, is present as in other IUDs. In serious cases like pelvic inflammatory disease, the device is promptly removed and inserted only after the condition is properly treated.
Copper T Side effects
Copper T is the most commonly used IUD used by women around the world. It is a T-shaped device having copper to kill sperms and curb fertilization. Copper T is safe and the process of insertion is similar to the rest. It has a shelf life of 7 years and can stay in the uterus for up to 10 years considering the various checking and consultations. Pregnancy rate when using Copper T is less than 1% which is quite a boon for women who don’t wish to have a baby. Side effects include stomach cramping, spotting, back pain, headache. In some cases, there is also an eruption of acne.
Mirena IUD side effects
Another IUD used globally is Mirena. It is preferred basically for its minimal side effects. These are vaginal discharges, and in rare cases, hair loss. Weight gain may be noticed. Since abdominal cramping is one of the usual side effects noted, hot compress and proper rest along with prescribed medications is suggested.